subjectivité / objectivité Editor: Noah Payne Frank "[7] Americans bought more than 2 million guns in May 2018, alone. Padlet, Audio Memos, Padlet, Audio Memos, Mise en oeuvre :   Recherche d’informations sur internet sur des thèmes américains qui font débat [3], The American hunting/sporting passion comes from a time when the United States was an agrarian, subsistence nation where hunting was a profession for some, an auxiliary source of food for some settlers, and also a deterrence to animal predators. The genre was boosted by the events of the prohibition era, such as bootlegging and the St. Valentine's Day Massacre of 1929, the existence of real-life gangsters (e.g., Al Capone) and the rise of contemporary organized crime and escalation of urban violence. Consulté le 18/11/2020. The article includes a video of Obama’s speech after the Umpqau Community College shooting, tables and explanations about the problem and a video showing how some American politicians go to extreme lengths to show their support for gun rights: Senator Ted Cruz (republican) cooking bacon with a machine gun (!) A judge has delayed the extradition of 17-year-old Kyle Rittenhouse until September 25. Avoiding stereotypical images of gang members or extremists, Nelson focuses instead on another side of America’s gun culture: the mainly white middle classes who sell and purchase guns in vast numbers. - Duration: 49:11. 8 décembre 2019 25 septembre 2020. There are many gun owners, there is a large segment who are one issue voters, who will vote against a candidate solely because of their position on firearms. ( Déconnexion /  On the other side, the gun rights groups and individuals argue strenuously that the amendment should be understood as guarantying the rights of individuals to keep and bear arms. “Guns are a symbol for a lot of people, and they mean different things.   Un des thèmes abordés par les élèves (B1), Débattre sans notes sur un des thèmes travaillés (30 mn de préparation, 15 mn pour enregistrer sur Audio Memos), Productions élèves : Le site Gun Violence Archive met à disposition des statistiques et des cartes sur les incidents liés aux armes ces dernières années aux États-Unis. Elise Naceur. Padlet We have had a tremendous reduction in violent crime, including gun crime, since 1990. And while the Court said that this does not mean that all regulation is impossible = in other words, some reasonable regulation is possible – still, the right protects the basic right of individuals to own firearms, to keep them in their homes, even to carry them with them.   Cartes mentales (organiser ses arguments « pour » / « contre »), La colonne « supports » indique la provenance de la ressource : Apprendre à rechercher une information fiable sur internet, Supports : ( Déconnexion /  Ce site utilise Akismet pour réduire les indésirables. [26][27] For some people in countries such as Brazil, who experienced gun restrictions[clarification needed], the US is a benchmark in gun legislation. : Democracy and the Armed Society. Acquisition du vocabulaire lié à la thématique + connecteurs (first, then, however…), Objectifs culturels : Mindomo, Mise en oeuvre :   Enregistrement des expressions orales sur tablettes (Audio Memos) Travail sur 5 thèmes propres aux USA : avortement, Affirmative Action, Immigration, Climate Change, US Presidential Election, Objectifs méthodologiques : Entraînement en vue de l'épreuve de compréhension de l'oral Par . Hierarchiser infos Those who wish to restrict the private ownership of firearms said that the constitutional right only applied to the militias, to organzied military formations, and only they and the State’s right to organize such militias, was referred to in the Second Amendment. Key credits News about shootings, weapons and the debate about America's gun culture. What is a myth? The NRA is the most powerful single issue lobby in the United States, and there is much misunderstanding of what that means. It is regarded as a pejorative stereotype cast upon gun owners by gun control advocates as a means of implying that they are fanatical, exhibit abnormal behavior, or are a threat to the safety of others. Shouldn't the world intervene? [2], Closely related to the militia tradition was the frontier tradition with the need for a means of self-protection closely associated with the nineteenth century westward expansion and the American frontier. Commissioned by the Guardian and Bertha Foundation, "Gun Nation: A Journey to the Heart of America's Gun Culture", La Clé des Langues [en ligne], Lyon, ENS de LYON/DGESCO (ISSN 2107-7029), septembre 2016. Elle vise à permettre aux élèves de s’informer de façon fiable sur un thème d’actualité, de se repérer dans les différents médias possibles et de réaliser un débat sur le thème « Gun Control ». ", "(In Portuguese) Vermont is the safest state in the U.S. and even 16 year olds can carry guns there", "(In Portuguese) US has 23 times more weapons. We have a lot of empirical research that goes on in the US about the relationship between firearms and crime, some of which would be surprising to Americans as well as to Europeans. But were the people to possess the additional advantages of local governments chosen by themselves, who could collect the national will and direct the national force, and of officers appointed out of the militia, by these governments, and attached both to them and to the militia, it may be affirmed with the greatest assurance, that the throne of every tyranny in Europe would be speedily overturned in spite of the legions which surround it. • CO (reportages journaux tv) Il s’agira de mener une réflexion autour des usages et des productions de contenus par l’élève – l’utilisation des réseaux sociaux dans un contexte scolaire notamment. The image of the lone cowboy was replaced in these combat films by stories that emphasized group efforts and the value of individual sacrifices for a larger cause, often featuring a group of men from diverse ethnic backgrounds who were thrown together, tested on the battlefield, and molded into a dedicated fighting unit.[13]. 17:03. [22], The term hoplophobia refers to an "irrational aversion to firearms, as opposed to justified apprehension about those who may wield them. In popular literature, frontier adventure was most famously told by James Fenimore Cooper, who is credited by Petri Liukkonen with creating the archetype of an 18th-century frontiersman through such novels as The Last of the Mohicans (1826) and The Deerslayer (1840). Americans own the most guns per person in the world, about four in 10 saying they either own a gun or live in a home with guns, according to a 2017 Pew Center study. I do not own a gun, I only held a gun when I was in the army. The gun culture of the United States can be considered unique among developed countries in terms of the large number of firearms owned by civilians, generally permissive regulations, and high levels of gun violence. Organiser son EO à l’aide d’une carte mentale Accueil › Expression orale › Les 4 notions au BAC – définitions et idées pour les illustrer. American civilians own more guns "than those held by civilians in the other top 25 countries combined. URL: http://cle.ens-lyon.fr/anglais/civilisation/domaine-americain/problematiques-contemporaines/the-gun-control-debate-in-the-us, "I consider myself a gun control skeptic. [7] That is more than twice as many guns, as possessed by every law enforcement agency in the United States put together. Here is an excellent article about gun violence in the USA – a topic which is very much in the news at that the moment and that can be used to illustrate the notion « Places and forms of power ». Vermont, for example, has one of the most, or perhaps the most guns per thousand of population, but it has the lowest crime rate in the United States. [24][25] Critics contrast the US reaction to terrorism given how few deaths it causes, with their high death rates from non-terror related gun crime. … there is now a huge number of both legal and illegal guns in circulation.   Rédaction d’un essai « pour » / « contre » (évaluation formative) Cette série s'attache à sensibiliser le public aux enjeux mondiaux contemporains et à faire avancer les débats sur les sujets de société. Other people mean by gun control the absolute prohibition of ownership of firearms. Maybe we have 10 000 firearms homicides a year : that sounds like a lot in the United States, with a large population where we have 300 millions firearms in private hands in the United States… The vast maojority of the people who own firearms never commit crimes with them.   Internet : recherche d’informations  intérêt : comprendre que la fiabilité des sources sur internet est très variable (subjectivité, erreurs) ; aborder la « théorie du complot » sur la toile (11 septembre, attentats, terrorisme …) Recherche parmi 244 000+ dissertations. The White House in America, the House of Parliament and 10 Downing Street (where the British Prime Minister lives) in England are two obvious examples of places of power. Anticiper écoute Elle peut servir dans le cadre d’un EPI Anglais / Histoire-Géographie qui viendrait s’inscrire dans la thématique « Information, communication, citoyenneté ». In the United States, gun culture encompasses the behaviors, attitudes, and beliefs about firearms and their usage by civilians. Having guns is a constitutional right… that has several interpretations. The gun owners they recognize that guns are used in crimes, and they are in favor or very strong criminal laws, and they are in favor of very strong laws against those who commit crimes, but they do not believe that regulating or even prohibiting the right of individuals to keep and bear arms will have any effect on criminals obtaining firearms and using them to victimize unarmed victims. • EE (rédiger arguments « pour » / « contre »), Débat sur les armes à feu (A2) ou sur un des nouveaux thèmes explorés (B1)   Fixer contexte, vocabulaire (anticiper notamment difficultés à venir dans CO) In the 1970s, films portrayed fictitious and exaggerated characters, madmen ostensibly produced by the Vietnam War in films like Taxi Driver (1976) and Apocalypse Now (1979), while other films told stories of fictitious veterans who were supposedly victims of the war and in need of rehabilitation (Coming Home and The Deer Hunter, both 1978). Nelson’s two-decade-long rapport with his photographic subjects gives unique and intimate access to the minds of gun owners. Elle a été réalisée dans le cadre des Traam 2015/2016 sur la thématique suivante : « Il s’agit de produire des scénarios pédagogiques en langues vivantes qui présentent une réflexion sur la culture numérique et intègrent une éducation aux médias et à l’information. He also noted that the US "is the only industrial nation in which the possession of rifles, shotguns, and handguns is lawfully prevalent among large numbers of its population". Other State have a high density of firearms and a high crime rate : there is no overall trend. Places and Forms of Power – Oral de bac d’anglais. In the US has very strong criminal laws against committing crimes with guns.   Enregistrement et montage vidéo (reportage tv) sur tablette (IMovie) The link between gun ownership and crime is disputed. Moteur de recherche Gun politics in the United States tends to be polarized between advocates of gun rights, often conservative, and those who support stricter gun control, often liberal. Firearms are widely used in the United States for self-defense, hunting, and recreational uses, such as target shooting. M. ROY Thibaut, collège Léon Dautrement, 19500 MEYSSAC. 46, in 1788, that: Those who are best acquainted with the last successful resistance of this country against the British arms, will be most inclined to deny the possibility of it. [15] In his 1970 article "America as a Gun Culture,"[16] historian Richard Hofstadter used the phrase "gun culture" to characterize America as having a long-held affection for guns, embracing and celebrating the association of guns and an overall heritage relating to guns.   Retour sur arguments avec élargissement et classification padlet (travail commun) The gun controlers, those who want European type controls, they believe that the guns are the cause of many problems, and especially crime problems and of course massacres. Apprendre à avoir un regard critique sur les media, Supports : Therefore, the armed citizen-soldier carried the responsibility. Audio Memos, Mise en oeuvre : "[6], "American civilians own nearly 100 times as many firearms as the U.S. military and nearly 400 times as many as law enforcement.   Les armes à feu aux USA (A2) The first American female superstar, Annie Oakley, was a sharpshooter who toured the country starting in 1885, performing in Buffalo Bill's Wild West show.   Exemples : mindaps élèves brainstorming : 01 / 02 / 03 Most people who own firearms never commit any crimes with them : it is only a small percentage of people, especially homicide, which is a fairly rare behavior. [4], "Americans made up 4 percent of the world's population but owned about 46 percent of the entire global stock of 857 million civilian firearms. Gun Nation explores the paradox of why America's most potent symbol of freedom is also one of its greatest killers. Quels peuvent être les apports de l’EMI dans le parcours citoyen de l’élève ? And fewer deaths". Navigateur For one thing, if you look at the States in the United States and you look at how the degree to which the population is armed in different states… you find there is no relationship between the level of gun ownership in a State and the crime problem in a State. [14] Many action films continue to celebrate the gun toting hero in fantastical settings. In his 1970 article "America as a Gun Culture," historian Richard Hofstadter used the phrase "gun culture" to characterize America as having a long-held affection for guns, embracing and celebrating the association of guns and an overall heritage relating to guns. And it is not certain, that with this aid alone they would not be able to shake off their yokes. Les armes aux USA [19][20][21] Some gun owners embrace the term affectionately. Justifying the unique attitude toward gun ownership in the United States, James Madison wrote in Federalist No. Survival depended upon everyone being capable of using a weapon.   Enregistrement Audio-Mémos et correction par professeur (mini-débat), Objectifs linguistiques : Merci de penser à désactiver votre bloqueur de publicité afin de financer le travail ! [8][9][10] Cowboys were also popularized in turn of the 20th century cinema, notably through such early classics as The Great Train Robbery (1903) and A California Hold Up (1906)—the most commercially successful film of the pre-nickelodeon era.   Vidéo-projection d’une image (calendrier) "[23], The US attitude to guns generally perplexes those in other developed countries, who cannot understand the unusual permissiveness of American gun laws, and why the American public does not push for harsher gun control measures in the face of mass shootings. • IO (débat) et EO (créer son reportage tv)   ou Padlet : exemples 03 / 04, Objectifs méthodologiques : Elle s’inscrit dans l’axe « Rencontre avec d’autres cultures » et permet une réflexion sur la vision américaine des armes à feu, un débat opposant les points de vue suivants : 10 MOST VIEWED AUDITIONS OF ALL TIME From Britain's Got Talent! Your job is to watch the film Bowling for Columbine by Michael Moore and study the second part of the document by Stuart Jeffries. ), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KGQMJrjRkoo, http://video.foxnews.com/v/4649660382001/lawmakers-christmas-photo-features-heavily-armed-family/, Enseigner la LV en passant par une langue inconnue, Mise en place de la phonétique corrective avec les TICE, Différenciation avec la BRNE cycle 4 : retour d’expérimentation, Développement durable et consommation responsable_Traam2016, Become an Art Critic (séquence fin cycle 4). And to, at this stage, create an effective regime of regulation and safety over those 300 millions of firearms seem to me an insurmountable challenge. I do not believe, at this point in our history, with 300 millions firearms in private hands, and a constitutional right to keep and bear arms, and a political situation in which there is a very very small number of politicians who are willing to take a strong position on firearms, that there is a serious potential for regulatory controls. So this current debate about gun violence ought to consider the fact that gun violence has gone down, and all violence has gone down, in the United States, to an amount that nobody imagined could happen over the last 25 years. Service in militia, including providing one's own ammunition and weapons, was mandatory for all men—just as registering for military service upon turning eighteen is today. I do not believe that there is a correlation between firearms density and homicide, or between firearms density and suicide in the United States. A partir des recherches, construire un reportage tv en exagérant la subjectivité, Enregistrer un débat sur Changer ), Vous commentez à l’aide de votre compte Twitter. These movies flaunted the archetypal exploits of "swaggering, cruel, wily, tough, and law-defying bootleggers and urban gangsters. The gun owners believe the opposite ; they believe that guns deter crime, that if criminals know that the civilian population is armed, or that many people are armed, there will be less burglary, less armed robbery, fewer rapes, and people will be safer. First, there are different definitions of “gun control”. There are 300 millions estimated firearms in private hands in the United States, one for every man, woman and child living in the United States. ( Déconnexion /  Tâches intermédiaires : création d’un reportage tv + mini-débats.   Visionnage du 1er reportage par groupes (NBC News) : lien web depuis tablettes (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KGQMJrjRkoo) Changer ), Vous commentez à l’aide de votre compte Google.   Réponse aux questions (fiche) et mise en commun A revealing and unsettling journey to the heart of America’s deadly love affair with the gun. Les 4 notions au BAC – définitions et idées pour les illustrer Par anglaispourlebac le 22 Fév 2019 • ( 24). Audio Memos | Article mis en ligne le 5 janvier 2016. When people say they are for gun control, it’s often unclear what kinds of criminal or administrative, regulatory, or licensing ideas they have in mind. People who commit crimes overwhelmingly obtain their firearms on the black market. N'oubliez pas que l'accès au blog et les conseils sont gratuits! | [7] In April and May 2018, U.S. civilians bought 4.7 million guns, which is more than all the firearms stockpiled by the United States military. ( Déconnexion /  On top of that, the gun lobby is extremely powerful. CO bac anglais: America and guns - Duration: 17:03. Producer: Zed Nelson   point de vue américain / français sur les armes à feu. The term gun nut refers to firearms enthusiasts who are deeply involved with the gun culture. James B. Jacobs, Claire Richard, "The gun control debate in the US", La Clé des Langues [en ligne], Lyon, ENS de LYON/DGESCO (ISSN 2107-7029), avril 2014. Director: Zed Nelson Sur l’un des thèmes travaillés, introduire le débat puis présenter les arguments pour/contre en organisant clairement avec les connecteurs travaillés en cours. EMI & GUN CONTROL in the USA M. ROY Thibaut, collège Léon Dautrement, 19500 MEYSSAC. Changer ). [7], In the late 19th century, cowboy and "Wild West" imagery entered the collective imagination. A myth is a well-known story which was made up in the past to explain natural events or to justify religious beliefs or social customs. But what has to be understood is that the NRA’s strengths comes from the number of people it represents, and that the NRA would not be a powerful organization without the fact that millions of Americans are willing to join, and pay membership fees and support the goals of the NRA, and welcome its representation. Organiser son EO à l’aide d’une carte mentale, Mise en oeuvre : Organiser son argumentation (avec notamment des connecteurs), Productions élèves : Zed Nelson is an award-winning photographer and filmmaker. Si vous souhaitez soutenir mon travail vous pouvez faire un don en ligne via paypal, En savoir plus sur la façon dont les données de vos commentaires sont traitées, Follow Anglais pour le BAC on WordPress.com. Do Guns Make Us Free? [28][29], Culture of the United States § Gun culture, Second Amendment to the United States Constitution, Arming America: The Origins of a National Gun Culture, "What makes America's gun culture totally unique in the world, in four charts", "There are more guns than people in the United States, according to a new study of global firearm ownership", "Americans Own 46% of the World's 1 Billion Guns, Says U.N. Report", "Report: Nearly 400 Million Civilian-Owned Guns in America", "American Literature: Prose, MSN Encarta", "New Perspectives on the West: Theodore Roosevelt, PBS, 2001", "Hollywood as History: Wartime Hollywood, Digital History", "Hollywood as History: The "New" Hollywood, Digital History", Shoot-out Confirms Foreign View of America as 'Gun Nut' Country, To Ride, Shoot Straight, and Speak the Truth, "The world is 'mystified' by America's enduring racism and 'bizarre' gun laws", "The Rest of the First World Is Astounded by America's Enduring Gun Culture". Aller au contenu. That is, perhaps surprisingly, a very strong gun control law. Réinvestir apports, Objectifs méthodologiques : An dyet other people have ideas like registering all firearms or licensing all firemars owners, or taxing ammunition and firearms… So there is a wide range of policies that might be included under the umbrella terms of “gun control”. / BAC Anglais LV1. Padlet I think the symbol to some Americans is of tradition, of family, of history. https://www.youtube.com/embed/lUpCqBonOFw. Some people think that the NRA is this evil organization that operates on its own to scare politicians. Guns in the USA Fiche: Guns in the USA. What makes gun control so complicated? As they cling to the notion of a centuries-old ‘right to bear arms’, Nelson seeks to understand why – despite the enormous death toll – there is such fierce resistance to gun control laws, particularly the debate about ownership of assault weapons. [17] More recently, in 2008, the US Supreme Court affirmed that considerable freedom for individuals to possess firearms is guaranteed by the Second Amendment.[18]. Avertissez-moi par e-mail des nouveaux articles. afin de bien visualiser hiérarchie, idées, cheminement et connecteurs The terms that gun rights and gun control advocates use to refer to opponents are part of the larger topic of gun politics. [11], Gangster films began appearing as early as 1910, but became popular only with the advent of sound in film in the 1930s. The US Supreme Court, in 2010, ruled that American have a constitutional right to keep and bear arms. I do not believe, at this point in our history, with 300 millions firearms in private hands, and a constitutional right to keep and bear arms, and a political situation in which there is a very very small number of politicians who are willing to take a strong position on firearms, that there is a serious potential for regulatory controls. Aller au contenu.   avec réflexion sur notion de subjectivité dans les media (padlet commun), Supports : Besides the advantage of being armed, which the Americans possess over the people of almost every other nation, the existence of subordinate governments, to which the people are attached, and by which the militia officers are appointed, forms a barrier against the enterprises of ambition, more insurmountable than any which a simple government of any form can admit of. Yet, as early as the 1790s, the mandatory universal militia duty gave way to voluntary militia units and a reliance on a regular army. Changer ), Vous commentez à l’aide de votre compte Facebook. Guns frequently accompanied famous heroes and villains in late 20th-century American films, from the outlaws of Bonnie and Clyde (1967) and The Godfather (1972), to the fictitious law and order avengers like Dirty Harry (1971) and RoboCop (1987). I don’t think that will happen. At the same time, the negative role of the gun in fictionalized modern urban violence has been explored in films like Boyz n the Hood (1991) and Menace 2 Society (1993). Exemples avec correction professeur : niveau A2- / Niveau B1 / Niveau B1, Objectifs méthodologiques :   Tablettes : créer son propre journal tv subjectif/objectif  intérêt : mieux prendre conscience de la subjectivité que l’on peut mettre dans un article / reportage en prenant en main soi-même la création d’un reportage, Visionnage des vidéos et recherche web En savoir plus sur la façon dont les données de vos commentaires sont traitées. La révolution américaine et la constitution, Objectifs méthodologiques : "I consider myself a gun control skeptic. Nelson returns to the people he met, photographs them again, and asks why America is a nation still with an insatiable appetite for firearms. Consulté le 18/11/2020. A connection between shooting skills and survival among rural American men was in many cases a necessity and a 'rite of passage' for those entering manhood. Vidéos d’élèves (Thème choisi : What do you think about abortion ? 7 talking about this. Gun culture and its effects have been at the center of major debates in the US's public sphere for decades. For many years there was a debate on the meaning of the Second Amendment. Toutes les activités langagières y sont abordées mais la tâche finale est une activité d’expression orale : That is the decisive issue for a significant number of voters, and therefore politicians are wary of taking a strong gun control position. A revealing and unsettling journey to the heart of America’s deadly love affair with the gun. Cette séquence intitulée « Gun control » s’adresse à un public de niveau A2-B1 (fin de collège) dans le cadre de l’enseignement de l’anglais.   Hiérarchiser leurs idées sur les armes à feu et le contexte américain Avertissez-moi par e-mail des nouveaux commentaires. There is no magic bullet, if you can excuse the phrase, that will change American violence, but the good news is that it has been reduced substantially over the last 25 years...", Question d'actualité - La régulation des armes à feu aux États-Unis après la fusillade de Parkland, http://video.ens-lyon.fr/eduscol-cdl/2014/ANG_2014_jjacobs.mp4, http://cle.ens-lyon.fr/anglais/civilisation/domaine-americain/problematiques-contemporaines/the-gun-control-debate-in-the-us. Niveau B1 (divisé en 3 parties). [7] In 2017, Americans bought 25.2 million guns, which is 2.5 million more guns than possessed by every law enforcement agency in the world put together. [1], American attitudes on gun ownership date back to the American Revolutionary War, and also arise from traditions of hunting, militias, and frontier living.[2].

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