We’ve helped them to do that with the PADR projects, and this kind of things will grow in importance as the EDF gets underway,” said Mr Ripoche. With a EUR 35.5 million budget and a consortium of 42 partners from industry, academia and the military (with the support and assets coming from the navies of 10 EU nations) the project is testing the integration of above-water, surface and underwater unmanned vehicles with manned platforms to boost maritime situational awareness. Currently divided into 12 different CapTech groups, each brings together Ministry officials and representatives from industry and academia to define the best kind of projects worth pursuing. Whereas the CDP, OSRA, CARD and PESCO are up and running, the EDF still awaits final approval of its implementing regulation (proposed by the Commission in June 2018) by the EU’s two legislative branches, the Council and the European Parliament. We received a substantial number of proposals, some of which submitted by consortia composed of a large number of companies, RTOs and SMEs. There was also work on a high precision anti-tank missile, warships, airborne electronic attack capability, cybersecurity and active stealth technologies. We have ensured that categories of projects identified as funding priorities in the European Defence Industrial Programme (EDIDP) and the research topics defined to be supported by Preparatory Action on Defence Research (PADR) are fully consistent with those of the Capability Development Plan. The current proposal for the EDF specifically stresses the utilisation of synergies with Horizon Europe, and the potential funding of dual-use technologies (with civilian and defence implications) by both programmes. Once operational, the fully-fledged EDF will institutionalise the practice and lift the spending to far greater levels. For example, in March 2018 the first major PADR research project known as OCEAN2020 was launched. annual European defence R&D budget. Breton, speaking from Brussels, said the prospective total funding was more than the €30 billion he had expected to raise. As this was uncharted territory for the Commission, it turned to the European Defence Agency to run and manage PADR’s annual calls for proposals and proposal evaluations and to oversee the granted projects up to their conclusions. Given its scale, that will be a challenge for the EDF,” added Mr Ripoche. Breton was CEO of Atos, an information technology company, when he drafted the report. It therefore complements the Horizon Europe programme (currently Horizon 2020), which is available for the civilian sector with the same purpose. They are the first upstream point of contact.”. Breton, in the video conference, got up from his desk to find and show a June 2016 report on a European Security and Defense Fund. “EDA has an observer position vis-à-vis the EDIDP where our role is to provide views and expertise based on the agreed EU capability development priorities and the implementing Strategic Context Cases to ensure that the EDIDP’s funding goes towards filling the identified capability gaps and the provision of more coherence of the European capability landscape. The Fund should notably incentivize cooperation between companies and between Member States in the research and development of defence products and technologies. EDA is also involved in the EDF’s other preliminary programme known as the European Defence Industrial Development Programme (EDIDP), designed to support competitiveness and innovation across Europe’s defence sector. Those projects included work on drones, space technology and unmanned ground vehicles, the commission said. The European commission, the executive arm of the EU, had pitched the launch of the fund with a €13 billion budget, with negotiations with member states whittling that down to €11 billion before arriving at €7 billion. How can the Commission make sure those tools will be used in the most efficient way? The EDF will not be a stand-alone instrument, however. These rules aim to ensure that results of defence research actions do not end up on the shelf, but are taken forward. Featured Photo: European Commissioner for Internal Market Thierry Breton. Breton also taught at Harvard Business School 2007-2008, after serving as economy minister. The European Defence Fund (EDF) will blaze a politically once-unthinkable path when, from 2021 onwards, it will (co-)finance multinational defence projects. “Basically, with the marketplace, Member States have the possibility to freely and informally exchange views on their projects and look for feedback from other Member States as well as EDA’s view on the project against the background of the European capability landscape.” explained Mr Desit. [EPA-EFE/FRANCISCO SECO]. In addition, upon request by Member States, EDA can provide support in its upstream role and conduct an assessment of the expected impact of specific projects,” said Franck Desit, the Deputy Director of EDA’s Capability, Armament and Planning Department. Use your E-Mail address instead of User ID! One of the important line items in the MFF that is at stake is the European Defence Fund (EDF), which aims to foster the competitiveness of, and innovations in European defence that would contribute to the EU’s policy of strategic autonomy (European Parliament, 2019). It will launch for the first time within the next Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) from 2021 to 2027 and will integrate the current Preparatory Action on Defence Research (PADR) and European Defence Industrial Development Programme (EDIDP) programmes that focus on defence research and capability development respectively. The European Defence Fund (EDF) is an unprecedented, comprehensive instrument covering funding for the whole defence industrial cycle to support European strategic autonomy. The European Defence Fund (EDF) will blaze a politically once-unthinkable path when, from 2021 onwards, it will (co-)finance multinational defence projects. “What we have now is the tool, for first time in our history,” he said. In our new book on European defense, we focus on the roles which the European Union might play in the direct defense of Europe as well as analyzing what the EDF could provide in such efforts. The EDA’s prioritisation tools will inform the identification of EDF funding priorities reflected in its annual work programmes where the Commission defines the categories of actions and topics to be supported by the Fund. More important will be the Agency’s potential advisory role, both related to defence research and capability development. “It’s a hot topic.”. OCEAN2020 gave its first live demonstration in the Mediterranean Sea on 20/21 November 2019, and another demonstration will follow in the Baltic Sea in summer 2020. A European patrol corvette was one of the projects which has attracted backing from France, Greece, Italy, and Spain, with Italy taking the lead role. “We extracted some lessons learnt. On the shelves behind Breton’s desk, there was a model of a Dassault Rafale fighter jet, Galileo navigation satellite — the European alternative to the U.S. GPS system, and a trilobite fossil, which he said was 460 million years old. The Fund is being set up to support European industries in being more innovative and competitive, boost cross-border integration within the EU and specifically support SMEs and MidCaps in the defence sector. “We think the EDF’s rules of participation – and the money that will be available for them – will compel project leaders to reach across borders and find small and unconventional players. Already now, through precursor programmes, the Commission is testing the Fund’s two planned ‘dimensions’ – one for defence R&T through the Preparatory Action on Defence Research, the other for defence capability development and prototyping through the European Defence Industrial Development Programme. Meanwhile, preparations for the fully-fledged EDF are well on track on both dimensions: defence research and capability development. The grant-agreement process for the 2017 and 2018 calls took more time than expected, for example, while it was needed to adapt to the way the Commission deals with classified information and security-cleared facilities. for the period 2021 to 2027, with €4.1 billion earmarked for research and € 8.9 billion for development. The book can be bought through our website: The book is available as of October 28, 2020 on Amazon in an e-book version. As such, the UK is an indispensable part of the European defence industry structure. Whatever is eventually negotiated between the EU and the UK, in terms of the EDF (and perhaps more generally in terms of Europe’s security and defence issues) it is likely that the UK will be granted special status. We tried to provide input to avoid the risk of over-classification yet we are all getting there in the end,” said Mr Ripoche. ". It also aims at further developing the complementarity and synergies between CARD, PESCO and the EDF, based on the EU Capability Development Priorities and OSRA. This is fully in line with the objectives of the EDF that aims to support, in a single programme, research and development actions from low TRL levels, including disruptive technologies, to the prototype stage. On the basis of the experience acquired with the Preparatory Action and EDIDP and the cooperation of all actors involved - Member States, EDA and EEAS - we are confident that EDF will be a success. The CDP and other prioritisation tools play a central role in this exercise. The European Defence Fund (EDF) is an unprecedented, comprehensive instrument covering funding for the whole defence industrial cycle to support European strategic autonomy. The commission has picked 16 defense industrial projects and three disruptive technology projects for €205 million of support under two pilot programs of the European Defense Fund, namely preparatory action on defense research, and European defense industrial development program, the commission said June 15. A two-year initiative (2019-2020) with a EUR 500 million budget, EDIDP supports joint development of defence equipment and technology in a wide range of cutting-edge defence technology domains including drone technology, satellite communication, early warning systems, artificial intelligence, cyber-defence or maritime surveillance. In March 2019, the Commission published nine calls for proposals for 2019, with 12 further calls expected to follow in 2020. Launched in 2019, the marketplace is implemented through a test phase approach focused on the second year of EDIDP and the first year of EDF. The armed forces within the Union currently field 178 weapon systems, compared to merely 30 systems in the armed forces of the United States. European Defence Industrial Development Programme: calls for 2020. "If everyone is thinking alike, someone isn’t thinking. Noting that the CapTechs teams have been around for years, Mr Ripoche said “this sort of thing is not built up quickly, but it is crucial because you ensure that way coherence between national and EU level. This was arranged by having the Commission delegate these responsibilities to the Agency through a delegation agreement signed in March 2017 which required some new management and budgetary techniques within the European Defence Agency (EDA) to fit with the Commission’s rules and procedures, according to Jean-François Ripoche, EDA’s Director for Research, Technology and Innovation. Europe’s citizens are looking to the European Union for protection, with 3 out of 4 in favour of a Common Security and Defence Policy among EU Member States (Eurobarometer, April 2017). This represents € 500 million for research and € 1 billion for development annually. The paperback version will be released on December 22, 2020. What exact role the Agency will have vis-à-vis the EDF remains to be determined. Examples are the 100% EU funding support for research actions, the use of ‘Special Reports’ to inform Member States in detail about the results of defence research projects, or the specific IPR rules that allow Member States that commit to a follow-up research project to get access to research results under certain conditions. “Above all, for successful implementation in defence you have to follow very closely the work of a given consortium, which is where EDA has long experience. EDA’s expertise will therefore be a key asset. Although it is chiefly bound to improve the competitiveness of the European defence industry, it will need to resonate closely with all the other European defence related prioritisation tools and initiatives set up in the aftermath of the Union’s 2016 Global Strategy, especially the EU’s revised Capability Development Plan (CDP) which delivered the 11 EU Capability Development Priorities, the Overarching Strategic Research Agenda (OSRA), the Coordinated Annual Review of Defence (CARD) which is tracking the Member States’ defence plans, research goals, budgets and other aspects related to defence capability development, as well as PESCO, the Permanent Structured Cooperation in defence.

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